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Reactivity toward CO of Eight-Membered Palladacycles Derived from the Insertion of Alkenes into the Pd–C Bond of Cyclopalladated Primary Arylalkylamines of Pharmaceutical Interest. Synthesis of Tetrahydrobenzazocinones, Ortho-Functionalized Phenethylamines, Ureas, and an Isocyanate

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journal contribution
posted on 20.02.2016, 12:20 by José-Antonio García-López, María-José Oliva-Madrid, Isabel Saura-Llamas, Delia Bautista, José Vicente
The ortho-metalated complex [Pd­{C,N-C6H2CH2CH2NH2-2,(OMe)2-4,5}­(μ-Br)]2 (1a) derived from homoveratrylamine reacts with ethyl acrylate, methyl vinyl ketone, or 2-norbornene to give the dimeric complex arising from the insertion of the alkene into the Pd–C bond, [Pd­{C,N-CH­(R)­CH2C6H2CH2CH2NH2-2,(OMe)2-4,5}­(μ-Br)]2 (R = CO2Et (2a1), C­(O)­Me (2a2)) or [Pd­{C,N-CH­(C5H8)­CHC6H2CH2CH2NH2-2,(OMe)2-4,5}­(μ-Br)]2 (2a3). Complexes 2a and the phentermine homologues 2b react with CO to afford Pd(0) and (1) tetrahydrobenzazocinones, the heterocycles resulting from CO insertion into the Pd–C bond and C–N coupling, (2) unnatural amino acid derivatives, resulting from CO insertion and the reaction of the obtained acyl complex with the solvent (MeOH), or the product of protonolysis of the Pd–C bond, depending on the nature of the initial cyclopalladated compound, or (3) ureas, alone or mixed with an isocyanate, in the presence of a base. Phentermine derivatives 2b react with HCl to give a dinuclear palladium complex [PdCl­(μ-Cl)­(L)], where L is the amine arising from the protonolysis of the Pd–C bond or the alkyl group resulting from Pd–N bond protonolysis, depending on the nature of the inserted alkene. The crystal structures of some palladium complexes and organic compounds have been determined by X-ray diffraction studies.

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