Reactions of Neutral Cobalt(II) Complexes of a Dianionic Tetrapodal Pentadentate Ligand: Cobalt(III) Amides from Imido Radicals
journal contributionposted on 15.03.2017, 18:42 by Lucie Nurdin, Denis M. Spasyuk, Warren E. Piers, Laurent Maron
Neutral cobalt(II) complexes of the dianionic tetrapodal pentadentate ligand B2Pz4Py, in which borate linkers supply the anionic charges, are reported. Both the six-coordinate THF adduct 1-THF and the five-coordinate THF-free complex 1 are in a high-spin S = 3/2 configuration in the ground state and have been structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography. These two Co(II) starting materials react rapidly with aryl azides of moderate steric bulk. The thermodynamic products of these reactions are low-spin, diamagnetic, Co(III) amido complexes that are either monomeric, when an external hydrogen atom source such as 1,4-cyclohexadiene is present, or dimeric products formed via C–C coupling of the azide aryl group and internal transfer of H• to the nitrogen. These products are fully characterized and are rare examples of octahedral Co amido compounds; structural determinations reveal significant pyramidalization of the amido nitrogens due to π–π repulsion wherein the amido ligand is primarily a σ donor. The amido products arise from highly reactive Co(III) imido radical intermediates that are the kinetic products of the reactions of 1 or 1-THF with the azide reagents. The imido radicals can be detected by X-band EPR spectroscopy and have been probed by density functional theory computations, which indicate that this doublet species is characterized by a high degree of spin localization on the imido ligand, accounting for the reactivity with hydrogen atom sources and dimerization chemistry observed. The high coordination number and the electron-rich nature of the dianionic B2Pz4Py ligand framework render the imido ligand formed highly reactive.
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X-band EPR spectroscopydianionic tetrapodal pentadentate ligand B 2 Pz 4 Pyazide aryl groupoctahedral Co amido compoundssix-coordinate THF adduct 1- THFhydrogen atom sourcesborate linkers supplyreactiveNeutralCobaltDianionic Tetrapodal Pentadentate Ligandimido ligandhydrogen atom sourcecomplexdianionic B 2 Pz 4 Py ligand framework