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Reaction Kinetics of Hydrogen Atom Abstraction from C4–C6 Alkenes by the Hydrogen Atom and Methyl Radical

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journal contribution
posted on 23.05.2018, 00:00 by Quan-De Wang, Zi-Wu Liu
Alkenes are important ingredients of realistic fuels and are also critical intermediates during the combustion of a series of other fuels including alkanes, cycloalkanes, and biofuels. To provide insights into the combustion behavior of alkenes, detailed quantum chemical studies for crucial reactions are desired. Hydrogen abstractions of alkenes play a very important role in determining the reactivity of fuel molecules. This work is motivated by previous experimental and modeling evidence that current literature rate coefficients for the abstraction reactions of alkenes are still in need of refinement and/or redetermination. In light of this, this work reports a theoretical and kinetic study of hydrogen atom abstraction reactions from C4–C6 alkenes by the hydrogen (H) atom and methyl (CH3) radical. A series of C4–C6 alkene molecules with enough structural diversity are taken into consideration. Geometry and vibrational properties are determined at the B3LYP/6-31G­(2df,p) level implemented in the Gaussian-4 (G4) composite method. The G4 level of theory is used to calculate the electronic single point energies for all species to determine the energy barriers. Conventional transition state theory with Eckart tunneling corrections is used to determine the high-pressure-limit rate constants for 47 elementary reaction rate coefficients. To faciliate their applications in kinetic modeling, the obtained rate constants are given in the Arrhenius expression and rate coefficients for typical reaction classes are recommended. The overall rate coefficients for the reaction of H atom and CH3 radical with all the studied alkenes are also compared. Branching ratios of these reaction channels for certain alkenes have also been analyzed.

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