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Rationally Designed Polymer Conjugate for Tumor-Specific Amplification of Oxidative Stress and Boosting Antitumor Immunity

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journal contribution
posted on 04.03.2020, 13:12 by Sheng Ma, Wantong Song, Yudi Xu, Xinghui Si, Shixian Lv, Yu Zhang, Zhaohui Tang, Xuesi Chen
The crosstalk between tumor and stroma cells is a central scenario in the tumor microenvironment (TME). While the predominant effect of tumor cells on immune cells is establishing an immunosuppressive context, tumor cell death at certain conditions will boost antitumor immunity. Herein, we report a rationally designed tumor specific enhanced oxidative stress polymer conjugate (TSEOP) for boosting antitumor immunity. The TSEOP is prepared by Passerini reaction between cinnamaldehyde (CA), 4-formylbenzene­boronic acid pinacol ester, and 5-isocyanopent-1-yne, followed by azide–alkyne click reaction with poly­(l-glutamic acid)-graft-poly­(ethylene glycol) monomethyl ether (PLG-g-mPEG). Under tumor stimuli condition, CA and quinone methide (QM) are quickly generated, which cooperatively induce strong oxidative stress, immunogenic tumor cell death (ICD), and activation of antigen presenting cells. In vivo studies show that the TSEOP treatment boosts tumor-specific antitumor immunity and eradicates both murine colorectal and breast tumors. This study should be inspirational for designing polymers as immunotherapeutics in cancer therapy.