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Rapid and Highly Efficient Separation of i‑Motif DNA Species by CE-UV and Multivariate Curve Resolution

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-10-02, 14:07 authored by Laila Bchara, Ramon Eritja, Raimundo Gargallo, Fernando Benavente
The i-motif is a class of nonstandard DNA structure with potential biological implications. A novel capillary electrophoresis with an ultraviolet absorption spectrophotometric detection (CE-UV) method has been developed for the rapid analysis of the i-motif folding equilibrium as a function of pH and temperature. The electrophoretic analyses are performed in reverse polarity of the separation voltage with 32 cm long fused silica capillaries permanently coated with hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC), after an appropriate conditioning procedure was used to achieve good repeatability. However, the electrophoretic separation between the folded and unfolded conformers of the studied cytosine-rich i-motif sequences (i.e., TT, Py39WT, and nmy01) is compromised, especially for Py39WT and nmy01, which result in completely overlapped peaks. Therefore, deconvolution with multivariate curve resolution-alternating least-squares (MCR-ALS) has been required for the efficient separation of the folded and unfolded species found at different concentration levels at pH 6.5 and between 12 and 40 °C, taking advantage of the small dissimilarities in the electrophoretic mobilities and UV spectra levels. MCR-ALS has also provided quantitative information that has been used to estimate melting temperatures (Tm), which are similar to those determined by UV and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopies. The obtained results demonstrate that CE-UV assisted by MCR-ALS may become a very useful tool to get novel insight into the folding of i-motifs and other complex DNA structures.

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