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Rapid In Situ Hydrogel LAMP for On-Site Large-Scale Parallel Single-Cell HPV Detection

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posted on 2022-12-15, 01:29 authored by Jidong Wang, Gaoxing Jing, Wenxuan Huang, Luhua Xin, Jihui Du, Xiaoqing Cai, Ying Xu, Xi Lu, Wenwen Chen
Rapid human papillomavirus (HPV) screening is urgently needed for preventing and early diagnosis of cervical cancer in rural areas. To date, no HPV nucleic acid test (NAT) can be implemented within a single patient visit starting from clinical samples. Here, we develop a hydrogel loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method in a fashion of large-scale parallel (about 1000 cells) in situ HPV DNA detection in clinical cervical exfoliated cells at the single-cell level. It can be used with a hotplate and smartphone to obtain HPV NAT results in less than 30 min, which is especially suitable for the on-site scenario. We apply this rapid HPV NAT on 40 clinical cervical exfoliated cell samples and compare the results to a clinical gold standard quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method [area under curve (AUC), 1.00]. Meanwhile, our assay can provide HPV infection information for large-scale parallel single clinical cervical exfoliated cells, which cannot be received from traditional NAT methods. Our findings suggest the potential of in situ hydrogel LAMP as a powerful tool for clinical HPV screening and fundamental research.

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