American Chemical Society
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Rapid Cycling Thermal Swing Adsorption Apparatus: Commissioning and Data Analyses for Water Adsorption of Zeolites 4A and 13X Over 2000 Cycles

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-05-04, 14:34 authored by John H. Jacobs, Connor E. Deering, Kevin L. Lesage, Mitchell J. Stashick, Robert A. Marriott
Evaluation of adsorbent integrity over thousands of cycles is necessary to establish the service time and sustainability of adsorbents employed in industrial dehydration. Herein, an adsorption apparatus for rapidly cycling multiple adsorbents through a thermal swing adsorption process is introduced with results for 2000 cycles. This apparatus has eight sample cells arranged in parallel, which are embedded in an aluminum block for rapid heating and cooling. At the outlet of each cell, the water content and temperatures are measured using capacitance relative humidity sensors, which incorporate resistance thermometers. The analysis of the breakthrough curves generated for each adsorbent gives inference into the change in water uptake capacity over continuous cycling. To handle the large sets of data generated by this instrument, an automated analysis program was implemented. To demonstrate the functionality of the instrument, zeolites 4A and 13X were cycled in a thermal swing process over 2000 cycles and the change in the uptake capacity was monitored by the analysis of the breakthrough plots for each cycle. Furthermore, the results of the breakthrough analyses were verified with the thermogravimetric analysis of the adsorbents. From these experiments, zeolites 4A and 13X were observed to lose 7 ± 3 and 19 ± 7% of the adsorption capacity, respectively.