American Chemical Society
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Rapid Assembly of Tetrasubstituted Furans via Pummerer-Type Rearrangement

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-01-05, 15:07 authored by Franz-Lucas Haut, Christoph Habiger, Lukas A. Wein, Klaus Wurst, Maren Podewitz, Thomas Magauer
Despite the many methods available for the synthesis of furans, few methods remain that allow for the custom-made assembly of fully substituted furans. Here we report a powerful protocol to rapidly construct tetrasubstituted, orthogonally functionalized furans under mild reaction conditions. The developed method involves the regioselective ring-opening of readily available 2,5-dihydrothiophenes followed by an oxidative cyclization to provide the heterocycle. The selective oxidation at sulfur is promoted by N-chlorosuccinimide as an inexpensive reagent and proceeds at ambient temperature in high yield within 30 min. The obtained furans serve as exceptionally versatile intermediates and were shown to participate in a series of valuable postmodifications. The fate of the initial sulfonium intermediate was investigated by mechanistic experiments, and computational studies revealed the existence of an unprecedented Pummerer-type rearrangement. The potential for organic synthesis is highlighted by the total synthesis of bisabolene sesquiterpenoids (pleurotins A, B, and D).