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Raman and X-ray Investigations of Ferroelectric Phase Transition in NH4HSO4

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journal contribution
posted on 12.01.2012, 00:00 by Diptikanta Swain, Venkata Srinu Bhadram, Papia Chowdhury, Chandrabhas Narayana
Temperature-dependent Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction studies have been carried out on NH4HSO4 single crystals in the temperature range 77–298 K. Two structural transitions driven by the molecular ordering and change in crystal symmetries are observed below 263 and 143 K. These phase transitions are marked by the anomalies in the temperature dependence of wavenumber and fwhm of several internal vibrational modes. The Raman spectra and X-ray data enable us to understand the nature of the molecular ordering resulting in the ferroelectric phase below 263 K, sandwiched between two nonferroelectric phases. The crystal structure of the ferroelectric phase is determined correctly as Pc, which has been earlier solved in Ba symmetry. The temperature dependent Raman and X-ray results suggest that the disorder to order transition leading to lower symmetry below 263 K is driven by the change in HSO4 ions and that below 143 K is driven by the change in both HSO4 and NH4+ ions.