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Raman and Infrared Phonon Features in a Designed Cubic Polymorph of CaTa2O6

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journal contribution
posted on 07.12.2011, 00:00 by N. G. Teixeira, R. L. Moreira, R. P. S. M. Lobo, M. R. B. Andreeta, A. C. Hernandes, A. Dias
At room temperature, calcium tantalite (CaTa2O6) is known to exhibit three stable polymorphs, depending on the crystal growth conditions. In this work, the laser-heated pedestal growth method was used to obtain CaTa2O6 single crystal fibers in its quenched (ordered) cubic polymorph, attractive for optical applications. X-ray diffraction, Raman scattering and infrared spectroscopy showed that the fibers grew into the centrosymmetrical Pm3 space group. The growth axis was determined as [001]. The cylindrical fibers (20 mm long and 400 μm wide) showed good optical quality, without cracks or striations, but with small facets, parallel to crystal edges or to in-plane edge bicetrices. A comprehensive set of the optical phonons for this cubic structure was obtained, consisting of 13 (of 16 foreseen) triply degenerate polar phonons, and all the 21 predicted Raman modes. By using special scattering geometries, the Raman bands were attributed to their corresponding irreducible representations. In general, the phonons showed rather large damping constants, which do not compromise the designed optical applications in compact lasers but increase the losses in the microwave range, even though the dielectric response is quite adequate for microwave applications. Quenched defects and crystal polymorphism can be at the origin of the large phonon damping.