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Quinonoid-Bridged Chair-Shaped Dirhenium(I) Metallacycles: Synthesis, Characterization, and Spectroelectrochemical Studies

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journal contribution
posted on 15.11.2010, 00:00 by Dibyendu Bhattacharya, Malaichamy Sathiyendiran, Jing-Yun Wu, Che-Hao Chang, Sung-Chou Huang, Yu-Ling Zeng, Ching-Yao Lin, P. Thanasekaran, Bo-Chao Lin, Chao-Ping Hsu, Gene-Hsiang Lee, Shie-Ming Peng, Kuang-Lieh Lu
Self-assembled, chair-shaped dirhenium(I) macrocyclic compounds featuring the two different bis-chelating quinone dianions (1, L = dhnq2−; 2, L = dhaq2−; H2dhnq = 6,11-dihydroxy-5,12-naphthacenedione; H2dhaq = 1,4-dihydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone) that interface with two fac-Re(CO)3 cores and a ditopic semirigid N-donor 1,4-bis(5,6-dimethylbenzimidazol-1-ylmethyl)naphthalene (L′ = p-NBimM) ligand coordinated to the remaining orthogonal site were prepared in high yields. Their structures were confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Electrochemical assessments, using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and UV−vis−NIR spectroelectrochemistry (SEC), revealed the existence of two well-separated, single-electron quinone ligand-centered, reversibly accessible 0, −1, and −2 redox states. Among the two singly reduced radical complexes, the symmetrically bridged quinone complex 1•−, showed a strong absorption in the NIR regions, which was not observed for the neutral and doubly reduced states, analogous to that of the free dhnq3•− quinone. In contrast, when 2 was reduced to 2•−, a broad signal at 866 nm was observed, very similar to the reduced dhaq3•− quinone. This difference in spectral behavior in the singly reduced states is likely due to the annealed benzene ring in 1 and dhnq2− because of its symmetrical π-electron system, which is perturbed to a lesser degree compared to asymmetric 2 and dhaq2−. Reduction to 1•− produces a small but not negligible g factor anisotropy (Δg = 0.024) in the electron spin resonance (ESR) signal, indicative of a very small metal-centered spin (5%), but 2•− shows a g value in the expected range for organic radicals (no detectable Δg). Thus, the combined investigations reveal that the singly reduced metallacycles are best described as being highly stable, noncommunicating, localized, quinonoid-centered radical complexes, [(CO)3ReI(μ-L3•−)(μ-L′)ReI(CO)3]•−.

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