American Chemical Society
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Quaternary Structure and Deoxyribonucleic Acid-Binding Properties of the Heme-Dependent, CO-Sensing Transcriptional Regulator PxRcoM

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-04-08, 17:10 authored by Matthew R. Dent, Madeleine G. Roberts, Hannah E. Bowman, Brian R. Weaver, Darrell R. McCaslin, Judith N. Burstyn
RcoM, a heme-containing, CO-sensing transcription factor, is one of two known bacterial regulators of CO metabolism. Unlike its analogue CooA, the structure and DNA-binding properties of RcoM remain largely uncharacterized. Using a combination of size exclusion chromatography and sedimentation equilibrium, we demonstrate that RcoM-1 from Paraburkholderia xenovorans is a dimer, wherein the heme-binding domain mediates dimerization. Using bioinformatics, we show that RcoM is found in three distinct genomic contexts, in accordance with the previous literature. We propose a refined consensus DNA-binding sequence for RcoM based on sequence alignments of coxM-associated promoters. The RcoM promoter consensus sequence bears two well-conserved direct repeats, consistent with other LytTR domain-containing transcription factors. In addition, there is a third, moderately conserved direct repeat site. Surprisingly, PxRcoM-1 requires all three repeat sites to cooperatively bind DNA with a [P]1/2 of 250 ± 10 nM and an average Hill coefficient, n, of 1.7 ± 0.1. The paralog PxRcoM-2 binds to the same triplet motif with comparable affinity and cooperativity. Considering this unusual DNA binding stoichiometry, that is, a dimeric protein with a triplet DNA repeat-binding site, we hypothesize that RcoM interacts with DNA in a manner distinct from other LytTR domain-containing transcription factors.