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Quantitative Proteomics-Based Substrate Screening Revealed Cyclophilin Stabilization Regulated by Deubiquitinase Ubp7

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posted on 2023-06-21, 10:15 authored by Yonghong Wang, Qiuyan Lan, Xinyu Cheng, Yuan Gao, Lei Chang, Ping Xu, Yanchang Li
Quantitative proteomics has emerged as a crucial approach to identifying ubiquitinated substrates to investigate the functions of ubiquitination in cells. In this regard, although the substrate screening of certain enzymes in the ubiquitin system has been based on proteome or ubiquitinome level measurements, the direct comparison of these two approaches has not been determined to date. To quantitatively compare the efficiency and effectiveness of substrate screening from the entire proteomics to the ubiquitinomics filter, we used yeast deubiquitinating enzyme, Ubp7, as an example to evaluate it in this study. A total of 112 potential ubiquitinated substrates were identified from the ubiquitinomics level, whereas only 27 regulated substrates were identified from the entire proteomic screening, demonstrating the increased efficiency of ubiquitinomics quantitative analysis. Subsequently, we selected cyclophilin A (Cpr1) protein as an example, which was filtered out at the proteomics level but was a promising candidate according to the ubiquitinomics filter. Additional investigations revealed that Cpr1 possessed a K48-linked ubiquitin chain regulated by Ubp7, which may affect its homeostasis and, consequently, sensitivity to the therapeutic drug cyclosporine (CsA).

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