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Quantitative Profiling of Endogenous Fat-Soluble Vitamins and Carotenoids in Human Plasma Using an Improved UHPSFC-ESI-MS Interface

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journal contribution
posted on 04.06.2017, 00:00 by Filomena Petruzziello, Alexandre Grand-Guillaume Perrenoud, Anita Thorimbert, Michael Fogwill, Serge Rezzi
Analytical solutions enabling the quantification of circulating levels of liposoluble micronutrients such as vitamins and carotenoids are currently limited to either single or a reduced panel of analytes. The requirement to use multiple approaches hampers the investigation of the biological variability on a large number of samples in a time and cost efficient manner. With the goal to develop high-throughput and robust quantitative methods for the profiling of micronutrients in human plasma, we introduce a novel, validated workflow for the determination of 14 fat-soluble vitamins and carotenoids in a single run. Automated supported liquid extraction was optimized and implemented to simultaneously parallelize 48 samples in 1 h, and the analytes were measured using ultrahigh-performance supercritical fluid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry in less than 8 min. An improved mass spectrometry interface hardware was built up to minimize the post-decompression volume and to allow better control of the chromatographic effluent density on its route toward and into the ion source. In addition, a specific make-up solvent condition was developed to ensure both analytes and matrix constituents solubility after mobile phase decompression. The optimized interface resulted in improved spray plume stability and conserved matrix compounds solubility leading to enhanced hyphenation robustness while ensuring both suitable analytical repeatability and improved the detection sensitivity. The overall developed methodology gives recoveries within 85–115%, as well as within and between-day coefficient of variation of 2 and 14%, respectively.