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Quantitative Organellar Proteomics Analysis of Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum from Normal and Acute Pancreatitis Rat Pancreas

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journal contribution
posted on 05.02.2010, 00:00 by Xuequn Chen, Maria Dolors Sans, John R. Strahler, Alla Karnovsky, Stephen A. Ernst, George Michailidis, Philip C. Andrews, John A. Williams
The rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) is a central organelle for synthesizing and processing digestive enzymes and alteration of ER functions may participate in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis (AP). To comprehensively characterize the normal and diseased RER subproteome, this study quantitatively compared the protein compositions of pancreatic RER between normal and AP animals using isobaric tags (iTRAQ) and 2D LC-MALDI-MS/MS. A total of 469 unique proteins were revealed from four independent experiments using two different AP models. These proteins belong to a large number of functional categories including ribosomal proteins, translocon subunits, chaperones, secretory proteins, and glyco- and lipid-processing enzymes. A total of 37 RER proteins (25 unique in arginine-induced, 6 unique in caerulein-induced and 6 common in both models of AP) showed significant changes during AP including translational regulators and digestive enzymes, whereas only mild changes were found in some ER chaperones. The six proteins common to both AP models included a decrease in pancreatic triacylglycerol lipase precursor, Erp27, and prolyl 4-hydroxylase beta polypeptide as well as a dramatic increase in fibrinogen alpha, beta and gamma chains. These results suggest that the early stages of AP involve changes of multiple RER proteins that may affect the synthesis and processing of digestive enzymes.