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Quantitative Online Liquid Chromatography-Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering of Purine Bases

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journal contribution
posted on 07.10.2014, 00:00 by David P. Cowcher, Roger Jarvis, Royston Goodacre
Raman spectroscopy has been of interest as a detection method for liquid chromatographic separations for a significant period of time, due to the structural information it can provide, allowing the identification and distinction of coeluting analytes. Combined with the rapidly advancing field of enhanced Raman techniques, such as surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), the previous low sensitivity of Raman measurements has also been alleviated. At-line LC-SERS analyses, where SERS measurements are taken of fractions collected during or after HPLC separation have been shown to be sensitive and applicable to a wide variety of analytes; however, quantitative, real-time, online LC-SERS analysis at comparable sensitivity to existing methods, applicable to high-throughput experiments, has not been previously demonstrated. Here we show that by introducing silver colloid, followed by an aggregating agent into the postcolumn flow of an HPLC system, we can quantitatively and reproducibly analyze mixtures of purine bases, with limits of detection in the region of 100–500 pmol. The analysis is performed without the use of a flow cell, thereby eliminating previously detrimental memory effects.