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Quantitative Assessment of the Connection between Steric Hindrance and Electronic Coupling in 2,5-Bis(alkoxy)benzene-Based Mixed-Valence Dimers

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journal contribution
posted on 19.06.2014, 00:00 by Angela M. Bischof, Shaopeng Zhang, Tara Y. Meyer, Benjamin J. Lear
The effect of the bridging ligand on electronic delocalization was examined in a series p-bis­(alkoxy)­benzene dimers relevant to conducting polymers used for organic devices. Using spectroscopic methods, the degree of delocalization for an ethylene-bridged p-bis­(alkoxy)­benzene dimer was determined and compared to the electronic coupling for directly coupled and phenylene-bridged p-bis­(alkoxy)­benzene dimers reported previously. Despite a significant increase in distance (53%) between the redox-active sites, the ethylene-bridged compound exhibited a higher electronic coupling than either of the others previously reported. The increased coupling can be attributed to the lower rotational barrier to planarization for the ethylene-bridged dimer. This result highlights the need to minimize both sterics and distance between redox active sites in molecular systems designed for promoting electron mobility and provides quantitative evidence that an optimal balance between these parameters can be achieved.