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Quantitative Assessment of Preloaded 4‑Alkoxybenzyl Alcohol Resins for Solid-Phase Peptide Syntheses by 1D and 2D HR-MAS NMR

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posted on 2012-11-12, 00:00 authored by Daniel Rentsch, Christian Stähelin, Markus Obkircher, Roland Hany, Marina Simeunovic, Daniel Samson, Günther Loidl, Fritz Dick
The quality of preloaded Wang resins is very important for the success of solid-phase peptide syntheses (SPPS). A critical factor is the capping of remaining hydroxyl groups after loading with the first amino acid, since these free alcohols lead to truncated sequences during the following SPPS steps. Because the detection of hydroxyl groups by color tests is difficult and unreliable, the capping efficiency is often controlled by time-consuming peptide test syntheses. Here, we describe a two-dimensional, high resolution magic angle spinning NMR method for the quantitative determination of remaining 4-alkoxybenzyl alcohols in Fmoc-Xaa-Wang resins with a detection limit of 1 mol-%. The NMR method was validated with samples of known ratios between Fmoc-Ala-Wang and 4-alkoxybenzylalcohol resin. Application to a set of preloaded Fmoc-Ala- and Fmoc-Thr­(tBu)-Wang test resins demonstrated that the full range of essential amino acids can be quantified without further spectrometer calibration. Compared to established test synthesis protocols, the NMR method represents not only advantages in terms of time and cost savings but also eliminates all inaccuracies due to further sample treatment like SPPS and cleavage from the resin.

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