Quantitation of Acyl Chain Oxidation Products Formed upon Thermo-oxidation of Phytosteryl/-stanyl Oleates and Linoleates
journal contributionposted on 03.03.2017, 00:00 by Stefan Wocheslander, Franziska Groß, Birgit Scholz, Karl-Heinz Engel
A GC-based approach involving preseparation via solid-phase extraction was established for the quantitation of acyl chain oxidation products (ACOPs) formed upon thermo-oxidation (180 °C, 40 min) of oleates and linoleates of phytostanols and phytosterols. The concentrations of ACOPs resulting from initially formed 9-hydroperoxides (octanoates, 8-hydroxyoctanoates, 9-oxononanoates) were higher than those from 8-hydroperoxides (heptanoates, 7-hydroxy- and 7-oxoheptanoates, 8-oxooctanoates) in both oleates and linoleates. Significantly higher amounts of ACOPs were found in heat-treated linoleates compared to oleates. However, despite lower thermally induced losses of stanyl oleates and linoleates compared to the respective steryl esters, higher concentrations of ACOPs (approximately 9 and 10% of the ester losses, respectively) were observed in the heat-treated stanyl esters. In contrast, in the heated steryl oleates and linoleates the contribution of the ACOPs to the ester losses was lower (approximately 3 and 5%, respectively), and there was a more pronounced formation of oxidation products of the sterol moieties (approximately 26 and 18% of the ester losses, respectively).