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Quantification of Antibiotic in Biofilm-Inhibiting Multilayers by 7.87 eV Laser Desorption Postionization MS Imaging

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journal contribution
posted on 06.11.2012, 00:00 by Melvin Blaze M. T., Artem Akhmetov, Berdan Aydin, Praneeth D. Edirisinghe, Gulsah Uygur, Luke Hanley
The potential of laser desorption postionization mass spectrometry (LDPI-MS) imaging for small molecule quantification is demonstrated here. The N-methylpiperazine acetamide (MPA) of ampicillin was adsorbed into polyelectrolyte multilayer surface coatings composed of chitosan and alginate, both high molecular weight biopolymers. These MPA-ampicillin spiked multilayers were then shown to inhibit the growth of Enterococcus faecalis biofilms that play a role in early stage infection of implanted medical devices. Finally, LDPI-MS imaging using 7.87 eV single-photon ionization was found to detect MPA-ampicillin within the multilayers before and after biofilm growth with limits of quantification and detection of 0.6 and 0.3 nmol, respectively. The capabilities of LDPI-MS imaging for small molecule quantification are compared to those of MALDI-MS. Furthermore, these results indicate that 7.87 eV LDPI-MS imaging should be applicable to quantification of a range of small molecular species on a variety of complex organic and biological surfaces. Finally, while MS imaging for quantification was demonstrated here using LDPI, it is a generally useful strategy that can be applied to other methods.