Quality and Stability of Edible Oils Enriched with Hydrophilic Antioxidants from the Olive Tree: The Role of Enrichment Extracts and Lipid Composition
journal contributionposted on 09.11.2011, 00:00 by Verónica Sánchez de Medina, Feliciano Priego-Capote, Carlos Jiménez-Ot, Marı́a Dolores Luque de Castro
Phenolic extracts from olive tree leaves and olive pomace were used to enrich refined oils (namely, maize, soy, high-oleic sunflower, sunflower, olive, and rapeseed oils) at two concentration levels (200 and 400 μg/mL, expressed as gallic acid). The concentration of characteristic olive phenols in these extracts together with the lipidic composition of the oils to be enriched influenced the mass transfer of the target antioxidants, which conferred additional stability and quality parameters to the oils as a result. In general, all of the oils experienced either a noticeable or dramatic improvement of their quality–stability parameters (e.g., peroxide index and Rancimat) as compared with their nonenriched counterparts. The enriched oils were also compared with extra virgin olive oil with a natural content in phenols of 400 μg/mL. The healthy properties of these phenols and the scarce or nil prices of the raw materials used can convert oils in supplemented foods or even nutraceuticals.