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Pyroelectric-Effect-Assisted Near-Infrared-Driven Photoelectrochemical Biosensor Based on Exponential DNA Amplifier for MicroRNA Detection

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posted on 2023-12-27, 18:04 authored by Huijie Wang, Li Guo, Qingyu Du, Yuting Zhou, Qi Yu, Shuzhen Lv, Sai Bi
Although near-infrared responsive photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensors have less damage to biological components compared to UV–visible light, they still reveal an inferior response due to the rapid recombination of photogenerated electron–hole. In this study, a near-infrared-driven PEC biosensor is fabricated for microRNA (miRNA) detection via integrating photoelectricity and pyroelectricity. Upon the introduction of target miRNA-21, the exponential DNA amplifier is triggered based on enzyme-assisted strand displacement amplification (SDA), releasing multiple Ag2S reporter probes to hybridize with capture probes immobilized on a CdS-2-mercaptobenzimidazole (2MBI)-modified photoelectrode. As a result, under the stimulation of NIR, the photoelectric conversion of Ag2S NPs generates the photocurrents. In addition, due to the strong hole acceptor ability of MBI, the pyroelectric effect of CdS-2MBI nanocomposites is enhanced, which generates highly pyroelectro-induced charge separation efficiency and induces the pyroelectric current benefited from the spontaneous polarization of CdS-2MBI caused by the temperature variation under the function of Ag2S nanoheaters. Impressively, this PEC biosensor has achieved the sensitive and selective determination of miRNA-21 with a detection limit as low as 54 fM. Overall, this NIR-driven PEC biosensor based on pyroelectric and photoelectric effects opens up a new horizon for bioanalysis and early disease diagnosis.

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