American Chemical Society
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Pyrococcus furiosus Argonaute Based Detection Assays for Porcine Deltacoronavirus

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-04-03, 12:04 authored by Yu Zhao, Tiejun Zhang, Changyu Zhou, Boyan Guo, Hongning Wang
Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is a major cause of diarrhea and diarrhea-related deaths among piglets and results in massive losses to the overall porcine industry. The clinical manifestations of porcine diarrhea brought on by the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), and PDCoV are oddly similar to each other. Hence, the identification of different pathogens through molecular diagnosis and serological techniques is crucial. Three novel detection methods for identifying PDCoV have been developed utilizing recombinase-aided amplification (RAA) or reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification (RT-RAA) in conjunction with Pyrococcus furiosus Argonaute (PfAgo): RAA-PfAgo, one-pot RT-RAA-PfAgo, and one-pot RT-RAA-PfAgo-LFD. The indicated approaches have a detection limit of around 60 copies/μL of PDCoV and do not cross-react with other viruses including PEDV, TGEV, RVA, PRV, PCV2, or PCV3. The applicability of one-pot RT-RAA-PfAgo and one-pot RT-RAA-PfAgo-LFD were examined using clinical samples and showed a positive rate comparable to the qPCR method. These techniques offer cutting-edge technical assistance for identifying, stopping, and managing PDCoV.