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Proximity Enzymatic Glyco-Remodeling Enables Direct and Highly Efficient Lipid Raft Imaging on Live Cells

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journal contribution
posted on 28.04.2020, 21:03 by Jing Tao, Xiaofei Yu, Yuna Guo, Guyu Wang, Huangxian Ju, Lin Ding
Lipid rafts, highly ordered cell membrane domains mainly composed of cholesterol, sphingolipids, and protein receptors, serve as important functional platforms for regulation of lipid/protein interactions. The major predicament in lipid raft study is the lack of direct and robust visualization tools for in situ tracking raft components. To solve this issue, we herein report a proximity enzymatic glyco-remodeling strategy for direct and highly efficient lipid raft labeling and imaging on live cells. Through cofunctionalization of raft-specific recognition motif and glycan-remodeling enzyme on gold nanoparticles, the fabricated nanoprobe can be specifically guided to the raft domains to perform catalytic remodeling on neighboring glycans. Taking advantage of the abundant glycoconjugates enriched in lipid rafts, this elaborate design achieves the translation of one raft-recognition event to multiple raft-confined labeling operations, thus, significantly increasing the labeling efficiency and imaging sensitivity. The direct covalent labeling also enables in situ and long-term tracking of raft components in live cells. The method possesses broad applicability and potential expansibility, thus, will greatly facilitate the investigations on the complex composition, organization, and dynamics of lipid rafts.