Proton Conduction in Sulfonated Organic–Inorganic Hybrid Monoliths with Hierarchical Pore Structure
journal contributionposted on 06.09.2016, 00:00 by Martin von der Lehr, Christopher F. Seidler, Dereje H. Taffa, Michael Wark, Bernd M. Smarsly, Roland Marschall
Porous organic–inorganic hybrid monoliths with hierarchical porosity exhibiting macro- and mesopores are prepared via sol–gel process under variation of the mesopore size. Organic moieties in the pore walls are incorporated by substituting up to 10% of the silicon precursor tetramethylorthosilicate with bisilylated benzene molecules. After functionalization with sulfonic acid groups, the resulting sulfonated hybrid monoliths featuring a bimodal pore structure are investigated regarding proton conduction depending on temperature and relative humidity. The hierarchical pore system and controlled mesopore design turn out to be crucial for sulfonation and proton conduction. These sulfonated hybrid hierarchical monoliths containing only 10% organic precursor exhibit higher proton conduction at different relative humidities than sulfonated periodic mesoporous organosilica made of 100% bisilylated precursors exhibiting solely mesopores, even with a lower concentration of sulfonic acid groups.