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Proteomic Profiling of Fast Neutron-Induced Soybean Mutant Unveiled Pathways Associated with Increased Seed Protein Content

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posted on 04.09.2020, 19:06 by Nazrul Islam, Hari B. Krishnan, Savithiry Natarajan
Mutagenesis through fast neutron (FN) radiation of soybean resulted in a mutant with a 15% increase in seed protein content. A comparative genomic hybridization analysis confirmed that the mutant is lacking 24 genes located at chromosomes 5 and 10. A tandem mass tag-based proteomic profiling of the wild type and the FN mutant revealed 3,502 proteins, of which 206 proteins exhibited increased abundance and 214 proteins showed decreased abundance. Among the abundant proteins, basic 7S globulin increased fourfold, followed by vacuolar-sorting receptor and protein transporters. The differentially expressed proteins were mapped on the global metabolic pathways. It was observed that there was an enrichment of 29 ribosomal proteins, 16 endoplasmic reticular proteins, and several proteins in export metabolic pathways. The deletion of the sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor along with 23 other genes may have altered the negative regulation of protein syntheses processes, resulting in an increase in the overall protein content of the mutant seed. This mutant is a valuable resource for researchers to understand the metabolic pathways that may affect an increase in seed protein content (the mass spectrometry data files were submitted to massive.ucsd.edu # MassIVE MSV000084228).

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