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Proteome Analysis Reveals a Large Merozoite Surface Protein-1 Associated Complex on the Plasmodium falciparum Merozoite Surface

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journal contribution
posted on 04.02.2011, 00:00 by Ravi Ranjan, Monika Chugh, Saravanan Kumar, Shivani Singh, Shivani Kanodia, Manzar J. Hossain, Reshma Korde, Amit Grover, Shikha Dhawan, Virander S. Chauhan, Vanga S. Reddy, Asif Mohmmed, Pawan Malhotra
Plasmodium merozoite surface protein-1 (MSP-1) is an essential antigen for the merozoite invasion of erythrocytes. A key challenge to the development of an effective malaria vaccine that can block the erythrocyte invasion is to establish the molecular interaction(s) among the parasite surface proteins as well as with the host cell encoded receptors. In the present study, we applied molecular interactions and proteome approaches to identify PfMSP-1 associated complex on the merozoite surface. Proteomic analysis identified a major malaria surface protein, PfRhopH3 interacting with PfMSP-142. Pull-down experiments with merozoite lysate using anti-PfMSP-1 or anti-PfRhopH3 antibodies showed 16 bands that when identified by tandem mass spectrometry corresponded to11 parasite proteins: PfMSP-3, PfMSP-6, PfMSP-7, PfMSP-9, PfRhopH3, PfRhopH1, PfRAP-1, PfRAP-2, and two RAP domain containing proteins. This MSP-1 associated complex was specifically seen at schizont/merozoite stages but not the next ring stage. We could also identify many of these proteins in culture supernatant, suggesting the shedding of the complex. Interestingly, the PfRhopH3 protein also showed binding to the human erythrocyte and anti-PfRhopH3 antibodies blocked the erythrocyte invasion of the merozoites. These results have potential implications in the development of PfMSP-1 based blood stage malaria vaccine.