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Proteoform Identification by Combining RNA-Seq and Top-Down Mass Spectrometry

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journal contribution
posted on 13.11.2020, 06:05 by Wenrong Chen, Xiaowen Liu
In proteogenomic studies, genomic and transcriptomic variants are incorporated into customized protein databases for the identification of proteoforms, especially proteoforms with sample-specific variants. Most proteogenomic research has been focused on combining genomic or transcriptomic data with bottom-up mass spectrometry data. In the last decade, top-down mass spectrometry has attracted increasing attention because of its capacity to identify various proteoforms with alterations. However, top-down proteogenomics, in which genomic or transcriptomic data are combined with top-down mass spectrometry data, has not been widely adopted, and there is still a lack of software tools for top-down proteogenomic data analysis. In this paper, we introduce TopPG, a proteogenomic tool for generating proteoform sequence databases with genetic alterations and alternative splicing events. Experiments on top-down proteogenomic data of DLD-1 colorectal cancer cells showed that TopPG coupled with database search confidently identified proteoforms with sample-specific alterations.