American Chemical Society
am9b02482_si_001.pdf (1.72 MB)

Protected Amino Acid–Based Hydrogels Incorporating Carbon Nanomaterials for Near-Infrared Irradiation-Triggered Drug Release

Download (1.72 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2019-03-13, 00:00 authored by Chloé Guilbaud-Chéreau, Bhimareddy Dinesh, Rachel Schurhammer, Dominique Collin, Alberto Bianco, Cécilia Ménard-Moyon
Molecular gels formed by the self-assembly of low-molecular-weight gelators have received increasing interest because of their potential applications in drug delivery. In particular, the ability of peptides and amino acids to spontaneously self-assemble into three-dimensional fibrous network has been exploited in the development of hydrogels. In this context, we have investigated the capacity of binary mixtures of aromatic amino acid derivatives to form hydrogels. Carbon nanomaterials, namely oxidized carbon nanotubes or graphene oxide, were incorporated in the two most stable hydrogels, formed by Fmoc-Tyr-OH/Fmoc-Tyr­(Bzl)-OH and Fmoc-Phe-OH/Fmoc-Tyr­(Bzl)-OH, respectively. The structural and physical properties of these gels were assessed using microscopic techniques and rheology. Circular dichroism and molecular dynamics simulations demonstrated that the hydrogel formation was mainly driven by aromatic interactions. Finally, a model hydrophilic drug (l-ascorbic acid) was loaded into the hybrid hydrogels at a high concentration. Under near-infrared light irradiation, a high amount of drug was released triggered by the heat generated by the carbon nanomaterials, thus offering interesting perspectives for controlled drug delivery.