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Promotion Effect of the X‑Zeolite Host on Encapsulated Platinum Clusters for Selective Hydrogenation of Phenylacetylene to Styrene

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journal contribution
posted on 07.12.2021, 19:07 by Zhiyang Zhang, Gui Liu, Liping Ding, Mi Hu, Jing Gu, Wenlong Xu, Qingbo Xiao
The microenvironment surrounding the metal clusters on a carrier produces a tremendous influence on its catalytic performance. In this work, the promotion effect of the zeolitic inner host on catalytic performance of encapsulated platinum nanoclusters is reported. In the reaction of phenylacetylene semihydrogenation to styrene, Pt@X-zeolite, where platinum nanoclusters are encapsulated into the inner microporosity of the X-zeolite, exhibits an ∼3.37 times increased turnover frequency and a much better selectivity of 87.6% in comparison to the referenced Pt/X-zeolite of 79.3% selectivity to styrene at the same reaction conditions, in which the platinum nanoclusters are located at the exterior of the zeolite. Meanwhile, the Pt@X-zeolite displays a higher stability after 10 cycles of the reaction. Through the detailed characteristics, the excellent performance of Pt@X-zeolite is mainly due to the promotion of the zeolitic framework on the encapsulated Pt clusters, resulting in “electron-deficient” Pt clusters, leading to a stronger interaction with the π* molecular orbitals of phenylacetylene and thus enhancing the activation and conversion of phenylacetylene. The zeolite cavity wrapped with encapsulated Pt clusters regulates the adsorption trend of phenylacetylene through the acetylene group on it, promotes the desorption of styrene, and strengthens its selectivity. Meanwhile, Pt@X-zeolite has an excellent stability through the zeolite framework, which protects the Pt species from being lost. This investigation reveals the importance of the zeolitic microenvironment on the catalytic performance of encapsulated metal species and deepens the cognition for this type of catalyst.