Production of Fatty Acid Butyl Esters Using the Low Cost Naturally Immobilized Carica papaya Lipase
journal contributionposted on 09.07.2014, 00:00 by Erzheng Su, Dongzhi Wei
In this work, the low cost naturally immobilized Carica papaya lipase (CPL) was investigated for production of fatty acid butyl esters (FABE) to fulfill the aim of reducing the lipase cost in the enzymatic butyl-biodiesel process. The CPL showed specificities to different alcohol acyl acceptors. Alcohols with more than three carbon atoms did not have negative effects on the CPL activity. The CPL catalyzed butanolysis for FABE production was systematically investigated. The reaction solvent, alcohol/oil molar ratio, enzyme amount, reaction temperature, and water activity all affected the butanolysis process. Under the optimized conditions, the highest conversion of 96% could be attained in 24 h. These optimal conditions were further applied to CPL catalyzed butanolysis of other vegetable oils. All of them showed very high conversion. The CPL packed-bed reactor was further developed, and could be operated continuously for more than 150 h. All of these results showed that the low cost Carica papaya lipase can be used as a promising lipase for biodiesel production.
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Butyl Estersbiodiesel productionImmobilized Carica papaya LipaseInvegetable oilslipase costcost Carica papaya lipasewater activityalcohol acyl acceptors24 hbutanolysis processenzyme amountCPL activityCarica papaya lipasereaction temperature150 hFABE productioncarbon atomsLow Costoptimized conditionsacid butyl esters