American Chemical Society
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Prodrug-Based Versatile Nanomedicine with Simultaneous Physical and Physiological Tumor Penetration for Enhanced Cancer Chemo-Immunotherapy

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-04-23, 17:35 authored by Zhaopei Guo, Yingying Hu, Mengyao Zhao, Kai Hao, Pan He, Huayu Tian, Xuesi Chen, Meiwan Chen
Chemo-immunotherapy combination effect remains to be a great challenge due to the poor tumor penetration of therapeutic agents that resulted from condensed extracellular matrix (ECM), T cell-related immune escape, and thus the potential recurrence. Herein, a helix self-assembly camptothecin (CPT) prodrug with simultaneous physical and physiological tumor penetration was constructed to realize effective chemo-immunotherapy. Specifically, CPT was modified with arginine to self-assemble into nanofibers to physically improve tumor penetration. Two plasmids, pshPD-L1 and pSpam1 for expressing small hairpin RNA PD-L1 and hyaluronidase, respectively, were loaded to down-regulate tumor surface PD-L1 expression for converting anergic state of T cells into the tumor-reactive T cells and produce hyaluronidase to physiologically degrade ECM for further enhanced tumor penetration. Moreover, the degraded ECM could also increase immune cells’ infiltration into tumor sites, which may exert a synergistic antitumor immunity combined with immune checkpoint inhibition. Such a nanomedicine could cause significant inhibition of primary, distant tumors, and effective prevention of tumor recurrence.