American Chemical Society
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Printed Colorimetric Arrays for the Identification and Quantification of Acids and Bases

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-07-20, 00:00 authored by Michael J. Kangas, Rachel Lukowicz, Jordyn Atwater, Armando Pliego, Yasmine Al-Shdifat, Shana Havenridge, Raychelle Burks, Billy Garver, Miles Mayer, Andrea E. Holmes
Solid supported colorimetric sensing arrays have the advantage of portability and ease of use when deployed in the field, such as crime scenes, disaster zones, or in war zones, but many sensor arrays require complex fabrication methods. Here, we report a practical method for the fabrication of 4 × 4 colorimetric sensor arrays, which are printed on nylon membranes, using a commercially available inkjet printer. In order to test the efficacy of the printed arrays, they were exposed to 43 analytes at concentrations ranging from 0.001 to 3.0 M for a total of 559 samples of inorganic and organic acids or bases including hydrochloric, acetic, phthalic, malonic, picric, and trifluoroacetic acid, ammonium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, lysine, and water as the control. Colorimetric data from the imaged arrays was analyzed with linear discriminant analysis and k-nearest neighbors to determine the analyte and concentration with ∼88–90% accuracy. Overall, the arrays have impressive analytical power to identify a variety of analytes at different concentrations while being simple to fabricate.