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Principled Exploration of Bipyridine and Terpyridine Additives to Promote Methylammonium Lead Iodide Perovskite Crystallization

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posted on 2022-08-01, 18:04 authored by Noor Titan Putri Hartono, Mansoor Ani Najeeb, Zhi Li, Philip W. Nega, Clare A. Fleming, Xiaohe Sun, Emory M. Chan, Antonio Abate, Alexander J. Norquist, Joshua Schrier, Tonio Buonassisi
Additives in the precursor solution can promote lead-halide perovskite (LHP) crystallization. We present a systematic exploration of nine (9) bipyridine- and terpyridine-based additives selected from 29 candidates using high-throughput single-crystal growth. To combat selection bias and generate hypotheses for future experimental cycles of learning, we featurize candidate additives using Mordred descriptors and compare similarity metrics. A previously unreported additive, 6,6′-dimethyl-2,2′-dipyridyl, is shown to work particularly well (the highest top 10th percentile is ∼3.8 mm, in comparison to ∼1.9 mm without additive) in improving the crystallization of prototypical methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3). Our strategy of machine-learning-guided high-throughput experimentation is generally applicable to other crystal growth problems.

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