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Preparation of Titania-Coated Polystyrene Particles in Mixed Solvents by Ammonia Catalysis

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journal contribution
posted on 09.05.2006, 00:00 by Peng Wang, Dong Chen, Fang-Qiong Tang
A mixed-solvent method was developed to coat polystyrene (PS) spheres with smooth, homogeneous shells of amorphous titania by ammonia catalysis. The TEM images showed that, in the presence of ammonia, the thickness of titania shells could be controlled in the range of 8−65 nm by varying the concentration of titanium tetrabutoxide (TBOT) in the ethanol/acetonitrile mixed solvents with an appropriate volume ratio. The diffusion-controlled mechanism of the mixed solvents and the catalysis mechanism of ammonia were investigated. After the calcination of core−shell particles for 2 h at 500 °C, spherical hollow titania shells could be obtained, and the surfaces of the particles remained quite smooth and homogeneous. The XRD analysis indicated that calcination promoted the transformation of amorphous titania into an anatase phase.