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Preparation of Copper Ion Complexes of Sterically Congested Diaryldiazomethanes Having a Pyridine Ligand and Characterization of Their Photoproducts

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posted on 2005-05-18, 00:00 authored by Tetsuji Itoh, Masayoshi Matsuno, Eiko Kamiya, Katsuyuki Hirai, Hideo Tomioka
To realize fairly stable high-spin polycarbenes by utilizing heterospin systems comprising 2p spins of organic radicals and 3d spins of magnetic metal ions, we prepared dianthryldiazomethanes having two pyridyl groups at the 2,2‘- or 2,7-positions, that is, bis[10-(4-tert-butyl-2,6-dimethylphenyl)-2-(4-pyridyl)-9-anthryl]diazomethane (2,2‘-DPy-1−N2) and [10-(4-tert-butyl-2,6-dimethylphenyl)-9-anthryl][(10-(4-tert-butyl-2,6-dimethylphenyl)-2,7-di(4-pyridyl)-9-anthryl]diazomethane (2,7-DPy-1−N2). The triplet carbene DPy-31 generated by photolysis of DPy-1−N2 was characterized by ESR and UV−vis spectroscopy in a matrix at low temperature as well as by time-resolved UV−vis in solution at room temperature. The results showed that the triplet carbene DPy-31 was destabilized to some extent as opposed to the parent triplet carbene before pyridination, but it was still fairly persistent, having a half-life of more than 30 min in solution at room temperature. Photoproducts from the complex between DPy-1−N2 and Cu(hfac)2 were characterized in a similar manner, and the results suggested that the generated carbene centers interacted magnetically with the Cu(II) ion to form a high-spin species with significant thermal stability. The fact that no significant signals due to the isolated triplet carbene DPy-31 were observed suggested that the pyridine moiety binds with Cu(hfac)2 in a nearly quantitative manner under these cryogenic conditions. Magnetic measurements of the photoproduct using a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magneto/susceptometer were performed to determine the spin state of the complex. The temperature dependence of the molar paramagnetic susceptibility indicated the presence of ferromagnetic interaction. The field dependences of magnetization for the complexes, expressed using M versus H/T plots, were analyzed in terms of the two-component Brillouin function to be S = 3.18 (F = 0.66) and S = 0.02 (F = 0.23) for the 1:1 complex of 2,7-DPy-1 and Cu(hfac)2 and S = 2.70 (F = 0.33) and S = 0.49 (F = 0.11) for the 1:1 complex of 2,2‘-DPy-1 and Cu(hfac)2.

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