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Preparation, Characterization, and Condensation of Copper Tellurolate Clusters in the Pores of Periodic Mesoporous Silica MCM-41

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journal contribution
posted on 12.01.2004, 00:00 by Collin M. Kowalchuk, Günter Schmid, Wolfgang Meyer-Zaika, Yining Huang, John F. Corrigan
The copper−tellurolate cluster [(Cu6(TePh)6(PPh2Et)5] has been loaded into the pores of MCM-41 by solid-state impregnation techniques. It was found that the best loading conditions are 110 °C and 10-3 Torr static vacuum. The resulting material was analyzed by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), nitrogen adsorption isotherms, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), 31P CP MAS NMR spectroscopy, and TEM. It was observed that loading is accompanied by loss of the phosphine shell, with retention of the copper−tellurium core. Condensation of the impregnated material may proceed thermally or photochemically. Thermal condensation results in the formation of Cu2Te nanoparticles as demonstrated by PXRD, and TEM data suggests that the process has taken place inside the pores of MCM-41. Photochemical condensation yields larger metal−chalcogen clusters in the pores as suggested by the result of UV−vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and TEM measurements.