American Chemical Society
am7b16164_si_001.pdf (1.2 MB)

Preferentially Oriented Ag Nanocrystals with Extremely High Activity and Faradaic Efficiency for CO2 Electrochemical Reduction to CO

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-12-21, 00:00 authored by Xiong Peng, Stavros G. Karakalos, William E. Mustain
Selective electrochemical reduction of CO2 is one of the most important processes to study because of its promise to convert this greenhouse gas to value-added chemicals at low cost. In this work, a simple anodization treatment was devised that first oxidizes Ag to Ag2CO3, then uses rapid electrochemical reduction to create preferentially oriented nanoparticles (PONs) of metallic Ag (PON-Ag) with high surface area as well as high activity and very high selectivity for the reduction of CO2 to CO. The PON-Ag catalyst was dominated by (110) and (100) orientation, which allowed PON-Ag to achieve a CO Faradaic efficiency of 96.7% at an operating potential of −0.69 V vs RHE. This performance is not only significantly higher than that of polycrystalline Ag (60% at −0.87 V vs RHE) but also represents one of the best combinations of activity and selectivity achieved to date - all with a very simple, scalable approach to electrode fabrication.