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Preferential Geometry and Reactivity of Neutral Iridium(III) and Rhodium(III) Complexes Bearing a Flexible Heterochelate PN Ligand (PN = o-Ph2PC6H4CH2OCH2C5H4N-2)

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posted on 2007-01-01, 00:00 authored by Takeshi Hara, Tsuneaki Yamagata, Kazushi Mashima, Yasutaka Kataoka
Reactions of [IrCl(coe)2]2 (coe = cyclooctene) with 1 equiv of the PN ligand (PN = o-Ph2PC6H4CH2OCH2C5H4N-2) in the presence of several phosphines or pyridine (1 equiv) at room temperature afforded a neutral iridium(III) hydride complex, (PCN-κ3P,C,N)Ir(H)(Cl)(L) (PCN = Ph2PC6H4CHOCH2C5H4N) [L = PPh3 (1a), PCy3 (1b), PBu3 (1c), PMePh2 (1d), Py (1e)] in good isolated yield. The PCN ligand is coordinated in a meridional manner, which was confirmed by spectral analyses and X-ray analysis of 1a. The related rhodium(III) hydride complex (PCN-κ3P,C,N)Rh(H)(Cl)(L) (PCN = Ph2PC6H4CHOCH2C5H4N) [L = PPh3 (4a), PCy3 (4b)] was also prepared from the reactions of [RhCl(coe)2]2 with 1 equiv of the PN ligand in the presence of 1 equiv of PPh3 or PCy3. The structure of 4a and 4b was determined by spectral analyses and X-ray analysis of 4a. In contrast to the iridium complexes, the PCN ligand in the rhodium(III) complexes coordinated to the metal center in a facial manner. A ligand exchange reaction of the PPh3 iridium(III) complex 1a with PCy3 did not proceed well (20% conversion), while a similar reaction of the PPh3 rhodium(III) complex 4a with PCy3 afforded the PCy3 complex 4b quantitatively. We examined the ligand exchange reactions of the iridium(III) and rhodium(III) complexes with various phosphines to explain the different reactivities. Using Tolman's parameter, we demonstrated that the ligand exchange reaction in the iridium(III) complexes bearing the meridional-coordinated PCN ligand is controlled by the steric factor of the phosphines and the ligand exchange reaction in the rhodium(III) complexes bearing the facial-coordinated PCN ligand is controlled by their electronic factors. The meridional coordination of the PCN ligand makes the environment around the iridium center sensitive to the steric nature due to the steric repulsion between the diphenyl group in the PCN ligand and the phosphines. The facial coordination of the PCN ligand decreases their repulsion, and reactivity of the metal center depends on the basicity of the phosphines.

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