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Predicting the Thermodynamics of Ionic Liquids: What to Expect from PC-SAFT and COSMO-RS?

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journal contribution
posted on 13.05.2022, 22:08 authored by Lukáš Jiřiště, Martin Klajmon
Two popular thermodynamic modeling frameworks, namely, the PC-SAFT equation of state and the COSMO-RS model, are benchmarked for their performance in predicting the thermodynamic properties of pure ionic liquids (ILs) and the solubility of CO2 in ILs. The ultimate goal is to provide an illustration of what to expect from these frameworks when applied to ILs in a purely predictive way with established parametrization approaches, since the literature generally lacks their mutual comparisons. Two different modeling approaches with respect to the description of the molecular structure of ILs are tested within both models: a cation–anion pair as (i) a single electroneutral supermolecule and (ii) a pair of separately modeled counterions (ion-based approach). In general, we illustrate that special attention should be paid when estimating unknown thermodynamic data of ILs even with these two progressive thermodynamic frameworks. For both PC-SAFT and COSMO-RS, the supermolecule approach generally yields better results for the vapor pressure and the vaporization enthalpy of pure ILs, while the ion-based approach is found to be more suitable for the solubility of CO2. In spite of some shortcomings, COSMO-RS with the supermolecule approach shows the best overall predictive capabilities for the studied properties. The ion-based strategy within both models has significant limitations in the case of the vaporization properties of ILs. In COSMO-RS, these limitations can, to a certain extent, be surpassed by additional quantum mechanical calculations of the ion pairing in the gas phase, while the ion-based PC-SAFT approach still needs a sophisticated improvement to be developed. As an initiating point, we explore one possible and simple route considering a high degree of cross associations between the counterions in the gas phase.