Power Balance and Temperature in Optically Pumped Spasers and Nanolasers
journal contributionposted on 24.08.2018, 00:00 by Gerold V. Kristanz, Nikita Arnold, Alexander V. Kildishev, Thomas A. Klar
Spasers and nanolasers produce a significant amount of heat, which impedes their realizability. We numerically investigate the farfield emission and thermal load in optically pumped spasers with a coupled electromagnetic/thermal model, including additional temperature discontinuities due to interfacial Kapitza resistance. This approach allows to explore multiple combinations of constitutive materials suitable for robust manufacturable spasers. Three main channels of heat generation are quantified: metal absorption at pumping and spasing wavelengths and nonradiative relaxations in the gain material. Out-radiated power becomes comparable with absorption for spasers of realistic dimensions. Two optimized spaser configurations emitting light near 520 nm are compared in detail: a prolate metal-core/gain-shell and an oblate gain-core/metal-shell. The metal-shell design, which with the increasing size transforms into a metal-clad nanolaser, achieves an internal light-extraction efficiency of 22.4%, and stably operates up to several hundred picoseconds, an order of magnitude longer than the metal-core spaser.
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gain materialnonradiative relaxationstemperature discontinuitiesheat generationconstitutive materialsfarfield emissionlight-extraction efficiencyKapitza resistancemetal absorptionOut-radiated powerOptically Pumped Spaserspower Balance520 nmoptimized spaser configurationsmetal-core spasermanufacturable spasersspasing wavelengthsmetal-clad nanolaserNanolasers Spasersmetal-shell design