American Chemical Society
jm8b00685_si_001.pdf (10.43 MB)

Potent and Highly Selective Inhibitors of the Proteasome Trypsin-like Site by Incorporation of Basic Side Chain Containing Amino Acid Derived Sulfonyl Fluorides

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-05-21, 00:00 authored by Raik Artschwager, David J. Ward, Susan Gannon, Arwin J. Brouwer, Helmus van de Langemheen, Hubert Kowalski, Rob M. J. Liskamp
A unique category of basic side chain containing amino acid derived sulfonyl fluorides (SFs) has been synthesized for incorporation into new proteasome inhibitors targeting the trypsin-like site of the 20S proteasome. Masking the former α-amino functionality of the amino acid starting derivatives as an azido functionality allowed an elegant conversion to the corresponding amino acid derived sulfonyl fluorides. The inclusion of different SFs at the P1 site of a proteasome inhibitor resulted in 14 different peptidosulfonyl fluorides (PSFs) having a high potency and an excellent selectivity for the proteolytic activity of the β2 subunit over that of the β5 subunit. The results of this study strongly indicate that a free N-terminus of PSFs inhibitors is crucial for high selectivity toward the trypsin-like site of the 20S proteasome. Nevertheless, all compounds are slightly more selective for inhibition of the constitutive over the immunoproteasome.