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Potent CYP3A4 Inhibitory Constituents of Piper cubeba

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journal contribution
posted on 28.01.2005, 00:00 by Tepy Usia, Tadashi Watabe, Shigetoshi Kadota, Yasuhiro Tezuka
The EtOAc-soluble fraction of the water extract of Piper cubeba, having shown potent inhibitory activity on the metabolism mediated by CYP3A4, was subjected to activity-guided isolation to yield two new lignans, (8R,8‘R)-4-hydroxycubebinone (1) and (8R,8‘R,9‘S)-5-methoxyclusin (2), and two new sesquiterpenes, (5α,8α)-2-oxo-1(10),3,7(11)-guaiatrien-12,8-olide (3) and (1α,2β,5α,8α10α)-1,10-epoxy-2-hydroxy-3,7(11)-guaiadien-12,8-olide (4), along with 16 known compounds (520). The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic and chemical analyses. The isolated compounds were tested for their inhibitory activity on the metabolism mediated by CYP3A4 or CYP2D6 using [N-methyl-14C]erythromycin or [O-methyl-14C]dextromethorphan as a substrate, respectively. The compounds (8R,8‘R,9‘S)-5-methoxyclusin (2), (−)-clusin (10), (−)-yatein (13), ethoxyclusin (15), and (−)-dihydroclusin (17), having one methylenedioxyphenyl moiety in their structures, showed very potent and selective inhibitory activity against CYP3A4 with IC50 values (0.44−1.0 μM) identical to that of the positive control, ketoconazole (IC50, 0.72 μM).