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Positive Trions in InP/ZnSe/ZnS Colloidal Nanocrystals

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posted on 2024-03-18, 19:13 authored by Danil O. Tolmachev, Mark J. Fernée, Elena V. Shornikova, Nikita V. Siverin, Dmitri R. Yakovlev, Hannes Van Avermaet, Zeger Hens, Manfred Bayer
InP-based colloidal nanocrystals are being developed as an alternative to cadmium-based materials. However, their optical properties have not been widely studied. In this paper, the fundamental magneto-optical properties of InP/ZnSe/ZnS nanocrystals are investigated at cryogenic temperatures. Ensemble measurements using two-photon excitation spectroscopy revealed the band-edge hole state to have 1Sh symmetry, resolving some controversy on this issue. Single nanocrystal microphotoluminescence measurements provided increased spectral resolution that facilitated direct detection of the lowest energy confined acoustic phonon mode at 0.9 meV, which is several times smaller than the previously reported values for similar nanocrystals. Zeeman splitting of narrow spectral lines in a magnetic field indicated a bright trion emission. A simple trion model was used to identify a positive trion charge. Furthermore, the Zeeman split spectra allowed the direct measurement of both the electron and hole g-factors, which match existing theoretical predictions.

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