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Porous High-Valence Metal–Organic Framework Featuring Open Coordination Sites for Effective Water Adsorption

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journal contribution
posted on 15.02.2019, 17:22 by Cong Wang, Yang-Hui Luo, Xiao-Tong He, Dan-Li Hong, Jia-Ying Wang, Fang-Hui Chen, Chen Chen, Bai-Wang Sun
The design and preparation of a porous high-valence metal–organic framework (MOF) featuring open coordination sites are of utmost importance for the development of adsorbent materials. Here in this work, the three-dimensional (3D) high-valence MOF [Er­(dcbp)3/2(DMF)­(H2O)2]·2H2O (HV-MOF-1; H2dcbp = 4,4′-dicarboxy-2,2′-bipyridine, DMF = N,N-dimethylformamide), which possesses permanent porosity and two open coordination sites, has been prepared and characterized. In the 3D framework, the dcbp molecules display two different bridging styles, resulting in ordered diamondlike pores with bared carboxyl oxygen and pyridine nitrogen atoms on dcbp exposed directly to the pores, generating hydrophilic characteristics and high water affinity. In addition, the open coordination sites act as arms to fix the adsorbed water molecules, providing high water adsorption capacity (5.95 mmol g–1) and selectivity. More importantly, the activated HV-MOF-1 species shows an energy-saving step for recycling (operation under 120 °C), demonstrating promise as a candidate for an adsorbent material with considerable water adsorption–desorption cycles.