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Pompon-like RuNPs-Based Theranostic Nanocarrier System with Stable Photoacoustic Imaging Characteristic for Accurate Tumor Detection and Efficient Phototherapy Guidance

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-09-12, 00:00 authored by Gengjia Chen, Meng Xu, Shuang Zhao, Jing Sun, Qianqian Yu, Jie Liu
Even though numerous therapeutic methods exist for cancer treatment, many fail to achieve ideal outcomes or have severe side effects. Here, we describe a theranostic nanocarrier system with improved tumor vasculature detection and tumor margin quantification that increases the accuracy and guidance efficiency of phototherapy. Novel pompon-like RuNPs with superb photothermal properties and high encapsulation efficiency were first synthesized via the polyol reducing method. Based on these RuNPs, we then developed a multifunctional theranostic system, pRu-pNIPAM@RBT, composed of poly­(N-isopropylacrylamide) as the thermal-response switch and of [Ru­(bpy)2(tip)]2+ as the photosensitizer of PDT and the contrast agent of biomedical imaging. We demonstrate that the pRu-pNIPAM@RBT can generate intracellular hyperthermia and reactive oxygen species (ROS) for simultaneous photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) by laser activation. In contrast to other studies, our work highlights the integration of quantitative analysis of infrared thermal imaging and PA imaging data, which can distinguish between tumor and healthy tissues and guide the destructive but precise phototherapy and decrease nonspecific tissue injury. Considering the excellent in vivo antitumor phototherapeutic effects, this strategy may help preclinical researchers gain insight into theoretical as well as practical aspects of precision cancer therapy.