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Polyphenol-Metal Ion Redox-Induced Gelation System for Constructing Plant Protein Adhesives with Excellent Fluidity and Cold-Pressing Adhesion

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-11-30, 18:05 authored by Huiwen Pang, Qian Yan, Chao Ma, Shifeng Zhang, Zhenhua Gao
Soy protein (SP) adhesives can resolve several problems with aldehyde-based adhesives, including formaldehyde release and excessive dependence on petroleum-based materials. Nevertheless, their development is hindered by the lack of balance between fluidity and high cold-pressing adhesive strength. A dynamically cross-linked SP adhesive with excellent fluidity and cold-pressing adhesion was developed in this study based on the polyphenol-metal ion redox-induced gelation system. SP was blended with acrylamide (AM), ammonium persulfate (APS), and the tannic acid (TA)–Fe3+ complex to prepare an adhesive gel precursor with good fluidity. In situ gelation of SP adhesive was then achieved via AM polymerization, as initiated by redox between TA and Fe3+. As expected, the prepared adhesive gel exhibited outstanding cold-pressing bonding strength (650 kPa) to the veneers compared to the neat SP adhesive, which has almost no cold-pressing bonding strength to the veneers. The TA–Fe3+ complex induced an in situ gelation system, which endowed the SP adhesive with strong cohesion; the topological entanglement of the adhesive gel in the veneers contributed to tight interfacial combinations. The TA–Fe3+ complex served not only as an accelerator of SP adhesive gelation but also as a “cross-linking core” for the cross-link SP adhesive system. The prepared SP-based adhesive also exhibited outstanding hot-pressing bonding strength and mildew resistance. The proposed polyphenol-metal ion-induced in situ gelation strategy may provide a new approach for developing advanced vegetable protein adhesives to replace aldehyde adhesives.