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Polymer-Supported Synthesis of Regioregular Head-to-Tail-Coupled Oligo(3-arylthiophene)s Utilizing a Traceless Silyl Linker

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journal contribution
posted on 29.12.1999, 00:00 by Christoph A. Briehn, Thomas Kirschbaum, Peter Bäuerle
The solid-phase synthesis of regioregular head-to-tail-coupled oligo(3-arylthiophene)s has been achieved in high yield and purity by using a traceless silyl ether linkage. In the first step, the solution-phase synthesis of this class of conjugated oligomers was investigated. Benzyl alcohol was chosen to serve as a mimic for the anchoring group of the hydroxymethyl-substituted polystyrene matrix. The development of a novel regioselective iodination process for silyl-protected thiophenes faciliates the successful application of the solution-phase protocol to the solid phase. Satisfactory loading was obtained by reaction of chlorosilyl-functionalized 3-arylthiophene with hydroxymethyl polystyrene in the presence of imidazole. The suitability of the following iterative halogenation and Suzuki cross-coupling sequence is illustrated by the preparation of a quater(3-arylthiophene), the first regioregular head-to-tail-coupled oligothiophene that is synthesized on solid support. Removal of the conjugated oligomers from the solid support could be effectively achieved by treatment with tetrabutylammonium fluoride.