American Chemical Society
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Polyaniline Emeraldine Salt in the Amorphous Solid State: Polaron versus Bipolaron

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journal contribution
posted on 2014-10-02, 00:00 authored by Manel Canales, Juan Torras, Georgina Fabregat, Alvaro Meneguzzi, Carlos Alemán
The polaronic and bipolaronic forms of polyaniline emeraldine salt (PAni-ES) in the amorphous solid state have been simulated using classical molecular dynamics (MD) and hybrid quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical-molecular dynamics (QM/MM-MD) approaches. It should be remarked that the electronic state of PAni-ES has been theoretically investigated in the gas phase, solution phase, and crystalline state, but this is the first study in the amorphous solid state, which is the most typical for this conducting polymer. MD simulations were carried out using force-field parametrizations explicitly developed for polaronic and bipolaronic models. QM/MM-MD calculations were performed using a quantum mechanical zone defined by four repeat units. In addition of the structural and electronic characteristics of the two forms of PAni-ES, MD and QM/MM-MD simulations indicate that the bipolaronic is the most stable state of amorphous PAni-ES. Complementary studies have been carried out using different experimental techniques. Although the morphology and topography of doped and undoped PAni are very similar, comparison of their UV–vis spectra supports the preference toward the bipolaronic form of PAni-ES.