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Polyacene Spacers in Intramolecular Magnetic Coupling

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journal contribution
posted on 14.12.2006, 00:00 by Md. Ehesan Ali, Sambhu N. Datta
We predict the intramolecular magnetic exchange coupling constant (J) for eleven nitronyl nitroxide diradicals (NN) with different linear and angular polyacene couplers from broken-symmetry density functional treatment. For the linear acene couplers, J initially decreases with increase in the number of fused rings. But from anthracene coupler onward, the J value increases with the number of benzenoid rings due to an increasing diradical character of the coupler moiety. The J value for the diradical with a fused bent coupler is always found to be smaller than that for a diradical with a linear coupler of the same size. The nuclear independent chemical shift (NICS) is calculated, and it is observed that the average of the NICS values per benzenoid ring in the diradical is less than that in the normal polyacene molecule. An empirical formula for the magnetic exchange coupling constant of a NN diradical with an aromatic spacer is obtained by combining the Wiberg bond order (BO), the angle of twist (φ) of the monoradical (NN) plane from the plane of the coupler, and the NICS values. A comparison of the formula with the computed values reveals that, from tetracene onward, the diradical nature of the linear acene couplers becomes prominent thereby leading to an increase in the ferromagnetic coupling constant. Isotropic hyperfine coupling constants are calculated by using a polarized continuum model for the diradicals in different solvents and in vacuum.

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